Leicester has today become the first area in the UK to go into local lockdown.
There has been a surge in the number of coronavirus cases in the city so harsher restrictions are being put in place.
Health secretary Matt Hancock said Leicester’s seven-day infection rate was 135 cases per 100,000 – three times that of the next highest city. And 10% of all positive cases across the country have been in the East Midlands city.
Non-essential shops will be closed from Tuesday and residents have been advised against all essential travel. The planned easing of restrictions on Saturday will not take place and could be delayed by a fortnight.
But Leicester is not the only area experiencing a rise in coronavirus cases. New confirmed cases have been rising across 36 of the 151 upper-tier local authorities in England as lockdown is eased.
The other places which have seen an increase in cases include some boroughs in London – Barking and Dagenham, Brent, Ealing, Enfield, Haringey and Hounslow – and areas in the North East such as Gateshead, Sunderland and Redcar and Cleveland.
It is currently unclear exactly how a local lockdown will work in practice but there will be a focus on closing schools, businesses and contact tracing those affected.
Controlling smaller outbreaks across the UK has been described as ‘like playing whack-a-mole’.
Last month Mr Hancock announced local lockdowns could be used in the coming weeks and months to control the virus.
He said: ‘We will have local lockdowns in future where there are flare-ups and we have a system we are putting in place with a combination of Public Health England and the new Joint Biosecurity Centre, along with the local directors of public health who play an absolutely crucial role in the decision-making in the system, to make sure if there is a local flare-up there is a local lockdown.
‘And so local lockdowns will be part of the future system that we put in place as part of the NHS test-and-trace system.’
The exact area affected in Leicester is expected to be announced on Tuesday. Mr Hancock said Leicester and the surrounding conurbation including Oadby, Birstall and Glenfield would be included.
Local authority boundaries will complicate deciding which areas to include in the heightened restrictions, with parts of Oadby to Leicester’s south east and Birstall to the city’s north overseen by Leicestershire County Council.
Harborough, Oadby and Wigston MP Neil O’Brien tweeted the measures would ‘apply in outer parts of Leicester too – including all of my constituents in Oadby, Wigston and South Wigston’, but that Great Glen, a village two miles south of Oadby, was not included.
South Leicestershire MP Alberto Costa said the delay on clarification on restrictions was ‘frustrating’.
He tweeted on Monday evening: ‘I’m still awaiting official confirmation as to which parts of South Leicestershire are included in the local lockdown, I wouldn’t want to give anyone information that isn’t correct.’
His constituency includes Braunstone Town, a neighbourhood of around 17,000 people, which is separated from the city by the single carriageway Braunstone Lane.
Leicestershire County Council leader Nick Rushton said it made sense to step up restrictions in areas close to the city.
He said: ‘Clearly coronavirus does not adhere to lines on a map. And although county rates are below the national and regional averages, we can’t be complacent.’
Mr Hancock said the measures would be kept under review and would not stay in place ‘any longer than is necessary’, adding: ‘We’ll review if we can release any of the measures in two weeks.’
He told the Commons: ‘These actions are profoundly in the national interest too because it’s in everyone’s interests that we control the virus as locally as possible.
‘Local action like this is an important tool in our armoury to deal with outbreaks while we get the country back on its feet.’
Shadow health secretary Jon Ashworth, who represents Leicester South, said: ‘We were alerted to the situation in Leicester 11 days ago and now we’ve got tonight from the Secretary of State the whack-a-mole strategy.
‘Doesn’t he agree that if we’re as a nation to ease the lockdown smoothly then those areas that do see flare-ups will need greater speed in the response, otherwise we risk no moles getting whacked?’
Leicester City Council said there had been 944 confirmed cases of coronavirus in the city in the past two weeks, and that an indoor testing centre would open on Tuesday at the Highfields Community Centre, with further testing sites planned.
It is reviewing its plans to extend the opening of its own buildings such as libraries, museums and children’s centres.
The city’s mayor Sir Peter Soulsby said: ‘These measures are stricter than we anticipated but we understand the need for firm action.
‘I am determined that we will make this work and to minimise the time these additional measures need to be in place in the city.’
The city area also includes the King Power Stadium, home of Leicester City, who are due to host a Premier League game against Crystal Palace this weekend – a match which could now be moved to a neutral venue away from the area.
Crystal Palace boss Roy Hodgson said: ‘I did hear on the news today there was a potential problem in Leicester.
‘I am perfectly happy to let the Premier League take care of that. I am certain they will tell us where and when the game should be played.’
Meanwhile, the Prime Minister will use a keynote speech in the West Midlands on Tuesday to say his message is ‘build, build, build’ as the UK comes out of lockdown after the Covid-19 pandemic, and that the Government intends to spend £5 billion ‘to accelerate infrastructure projects’.
He is expected to say: ‘This is a Government that is wholly committed not just to defeating coronavirus but to using this crisis finally to tackle this country’s great unresolved challenges of the last three decades.’
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